Surrogacy can be considered as a method or agreement in which a woman agrees to become pregnant for another person or persons, who will become the new born child’s parent or parents after birth.
- Pregnancy is medically impossible.
- Pregnancy risks are present.
- An unacceptable danger to the mother’s health.
Monetary compensation may or may not be involved in these arrangements. There are some laws in a few countries which restrict and regulate surrogacy and the consequences of surrogacy.
Types of surrogacy
The surrogate can be fertilized in a number of ways. Each method has its own implications for the genetic relationship of the resulting child with the surrogate and the future parents. There are two main types of surrogacy. Traditional Surrogacy and Gestational surrogacy.
It is also known as genetic, partial or straight surrogacy. It involves natural or artificial insemination of a surrogate. If the intended father’s sperm is used in the insemination, then the resulting child is genetically related to the intended father and genetically related to the surrogate.
Gestational surrogacy is also known full surrogacy as or host surrogacy. It takes place when an embryo created by IVF technology is implanted in a surrogate, sometimes called a gestational carrier. It can be done in many ways, but in each approach the resulting child is genetically unrelated to the surrogate.
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