In-Vitro Fertilization, a type of assisted reproductive technology (ART) which is commonly known as IVF is the process in which the eggs are extracted and fertilized manually with a sperm sample. This process will be carried out in the laboratory at specific environmental conditions. Later, the fertilized egg or embryo is placed in the uterus.
It is found that 1 out of every 6 couples got some infertility or related issues.Both or either of the partner can be a victim of infertility. However, females are more prone to it. If infertility issues exist within the female partner then it is termed as female infertility. On the other hand, if it is existing within male partner it falls under male infertility.
Infertility problems have no power over you to drag you out of your motherhood dream. So Lets first check out what triggers female infertility:
The leads to infertility in women can be many. It’s true that women are born with a finite number of eggs.However, the number and the quality of the eggs get reduces as the reproductive years progress.
Even though the lifestyle factors such as stress and obesity have the major role in infertility, they are mainly caused due to the following conditions
Hormonal imbalance lead to abnormalities in ovulation and production of the egg
Cervical disorders or hostile cervical disorder lead to rejection of sperm entry into the uterus
Damaged fallopian tubes can disrupt the path of egg and thus fertilization cannot take place
Uterine disorders such as fibroid growth or presence of polyps which resist implantation
The cause of about 20% of total infertility cases is not yet known
Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a technique that involves a single sperm injection into an egg directly to fertilize it. Later, this fertilized egg is inserted into female uterus. The ICSI technique is much similar to IVF. The only difference is that ICSI technique directly injected particular sperm sample into an egg cell whereas IVF is performed into a petri-dish.
ICSI is one of the most successful types of infertility treatment. Micromanipulation technique is used in ICSI process that uses a particular microscope and small surgical tools to pick up and handle sperm and directly injected into an egg cell.
The process generally contains five main steps
Obtaining a sperm sample
Obtaining eggs from the ovaries
Inject the sperm into an egg by using a tiny needle
Analyse development and growth of the fertilized egg
Later, implant one normal growth embryo into uterus to further development
Fertilization rates for ICSI are quite well. Most of the IVF programs show 70-85% positive results when injected using ICSI technique. The ICSI technique uses relatively young and fertile eggs that are good in quality and quantity than IVF. The process needs high embryo transfer skills of the embryologist to provide excellent results.
ICSI fertilization and pregnancy success rates depend on
With an increased incidence of infertility disorder among men and women, IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) as an Artificial Reproductive Technique (ART) has become quite popular. Popularly known as test tube baby procedure, IVF is the most effective infertility treatment procedure … Continue reading →
Male infertility is as common as female infertility though not popularly discussed. It is a condition, that occurs when regular unprotected intercourse for about a year, with a fertile partner, fails to lead to conception. Most cases of male infertility can be cured through proper medical attention.
Causes of Male Infertility
The various causes of male infertility include insufficient sperm count, blockages in the tubes carrying sperm or lack of sperm mobility. Other medical causes or conditions include: –
Ejaculation issues – issues like retrograde ejaculation hinders fertility as well
Infections – infections can cause scarring which interferes with the transfer and movement of sperm.
Hormonal imbalance – hormonal imbalance can affect the count and quality of sperm produced.
Varicocele – varicocele is a condition where the veins that drain the testicles swell which disrupts the transfer of sperm. This can be reversed easily and is a common cause of male infertility.
Various other disorders like chromosome defects, tubule defects and so on effects male fertility. Prior surgeries and certain medications are known to cause male infertility as well.
Symptoms of Male Infertility
Though the obvious symptom of male infertility is the inability to contribute to a successful pregnancy, there are other symptoms which go unnoticed usually. Some of them are: –
Recurring respiratory issues
Sexual function disorders
Increased growth of breasts
Inability to detect smells
Decreased hair growth on face and body
Swelling and pain in testicles
If symptoms like pain or swelling in testicles area, issues with sexual function and history of surgeries in pelvic area exist, medical attention should necessarily be sort.
The treatment for infertility is based on the issue that causes it. Diagnosis for male infertility involves physical examination of pelvic region, semen analysis and evaluation of hormonal balance. The treatment for male infertility includes: –
Hormone treatments along with medication to correct hormonal imbalance