With an increased incidence of infertility disorder among men and women, IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) as an Artificial Reproductive Technique (ART) has become quite popular. Popularly known as test tube baby procedure, IVF is the most effective infertility treatment procedure of ART.
Scope of IVF
IVF is usually done when other treatments like fertility drugs, medication, artificial insemination and surgery fails. IVF is performed in the following cases: –
- Antibodies issues that harms sperm or eggs
- Low sperm survival rates in cervical mucus
- Low sperm count
- Problems with ovulation
The procedure of In Vitro Fertilization involves the coupling of egg and sperm outside the body. The process involves collection of egg and sperm from the woman and man through special techniques. In women, medications are given to stimulate the production of eggs. These are then removed through a minor surgery.
The collected egg and sperm are analysed for quality and the best are combined together in a lab in environmentally controlled chamber. After fertilization takes place, it is implanted in the womb which later develops as pregnancy. In case of sperm irregularities or failure in fertilisation, methods such as ICSI are used.
Though common, IVF is a somewhat complicated process. There are some risk factors associated with IVF like: –
- Over stimulated ovaries
- Multiple pregnancies
- Premature delivery and low birth weight
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Chances like infections, bleeding and so on that can occur during egg retrieval
The rate of success of IVF depends on factors like age, the reasons of infertility and the procedure opted for treatment. Women undergoing IVF below the age 35 years have higher chances of conceiving than those beyond that age.
Anish Fertility and Women Centre is a unit of Guru Hospital, based in Madurai, offering specialised and highly successful infertility treatment for men and women.
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